1968 - The U.S. nuclear-powered submarine Scorpion sank 400
miles south of the Azores, the first warship to sink with
nuclear weapons aboard.
1969 - The Apollo 10 lunar module Snoopy came within 9.4
miles of the moon's surface.
1972 - President Richard Nixon became the first U.S.
president to visit Moscow.
1972 - Ceylon became a republic within the Commonwealth of
former British colonies under the name of Sri Lanka.
1979 - The 11-year premiership of Pierre Trudeau in Canada
ended when the Liberal Party was defeated in a general election
by the Progressive Conservative Party.
1981 - Peter Sutcliffe, known as the Yorkshire Ripper, was
jailed for life in Britain after being convicted on 13 counts of
1989 - India test-fired an intermediate-range ballistic
missile, igniting worries over nuclear proliferation and a
spiralling arms race on the subcontinent.
1990 - Formerly Marxist South Yemen and conservative North
Yemen merged into one state.
1996 - Japan settled lawsuits to bring to an end the
Minamata mercury poisoning case, named after a village where
hundreds died between 1953 and 1960 from eating seafood tainted
1998 - Northern Ireland's voters resoundingly approved a
landmark peace agreement designed to end 30 years of
Protestant-Catholic bloodshed. Almost 95 percent of voters in
the Irish Republic simultaneously approved related changes to
their own constitution.
2001 - France's National Assembly approved a controversial
bill to give more powers to the island of Corsica, where
separatists had protested against Paris for over 20 years.
2002 - Former Ku Klux Klansman Bobby Frank Cherry was found
guilty of killing four black girls in the bombing of a
Birmingham church in 1963.
2003 - The U.N. Security Council voted 14-0 to adopt a
U.S.-led resolution ending sanctions on Iraq after 13 years.
2003 - Yuichiro Miura, a 70-year-old Japanese, became the
oldest person to climb the world's highest mountain, Mount
2003 - A manuscript of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony was
auctioned in London for 2.13 million pounds ($4.03 million) --
but failed to set a new world record.
2004 - Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi and North
Korean leader Kim Jong-il agreed on a package under which all
relatives of Japanese abductees could leave North Korea and
Japan would in turn provide humanitarian aid.
2005 - Chinese mountaineers and researchers climbed to the
top of Mount Everest and set up radar and Global Positioning
System instruments to determine whether the world's tallest
mountain was still growing.