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    1917 - Tsar Nicholas II of Russia abdicated.
   1930 - D. H. Lawrence, English novelist, author of "Sons and Lovers" and "Lady Chatterley's Lover", died.
    1939 - Howard Carter, British Egyptologist, died. In 1922 he discovered the tomb of King Tutankhamun.
    1949 - Captain James Gallagher completed the first non-stop round-the-world flight. He finished the 37,742-km (23,452-mile) flight in 94 hours and one minute.
    1962 - The Burmese army, led by Ne Win, seized power in a coup; military rule ended on the same date in 1974, when a new constitution took effect and Ne Win became president.
    1969 - The first of two prototype Concorde supersonic airliners made its maiden flight from Toulouse.
    1970 - A new constitution came into effect in Rhodesia, turning the country into a republic.
    1972 - The U.S. spacecraft Pioneer 10 was launched. It passed close by Jupiter and Neptune before leaving the solar system. It was more than six billion miles from earth in 1997 when NASA stopped communicating with it.
    1981 - Al-Zulfiqar militants hijacked a Pakistani airliner with 148 passengers on board. All hostages were released on March 15 after Pakistan freed 55 political prisoners.
    1998 - The film "Titanic" became the first ever to earn 1 billion U.S. dollars.
   2002 - Pope John Paul paid Moscow a "virtual visit", joining his flock through a live satellite broadcast, despite opposition from the Orthodox Church who dubbed it an "invasion".
    2002 - Martha Catalina Daniels, a Colombian senator from the opposition Liberal Party, is shot dead near Zipacon, 25 miles (40 km) west of Bogota, in a killing blamed on FARC rebels.
    2003 - Alinghi, the yacht representing landlocked Switzerland, became the first European team to win the Americas Cup, world sport's oldest trophy.
    2003 - Half a million Algerians gave French President Chirac a rousing welcome at the start of the first full state visit by a French president since it won independence in 1962.
    2004 - Europe's Rosetta space mission separated from an Ariane launch rocket, beginning its 10 year voyage to chase and then land on a comet.

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    1901 - The leaders of the Boxer Rebellion in China, Chi-hsui
and Hsu Cheng-yu, were beheaded in public.
    1916 - The Germans sank the French transport ship Provence
II during World War One, killing 930 people.
    1935 - Scottish inventor Robert Watson-Watt demonstrated the
first practical version of radar.
    1936 - Adolf Hitler opened the first factory to produce the
"People's Car" -- the Volkswagen -- in Saxony.
    1952 - Prime Minister Winston Churchill announced that
Britain had produced its own atomic bomb and would test it in
Australia.
    1961 - Prince Hassan acceded to the Moroccan throne as King
Hassan II following the sudden death of his father, Mohammed V.
    1969 - Levi Eshkol, Israeli prime minister since 1963, died
in office.
    1980 - Egypt and Israel established diplomatic relations.
    1986 - Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos and his
entourage fled the country after a popular uprising.
    1993 - A bomb at New York's World Trade Center killed six
people and injured more than 1,000. Militant Muslims were later
convicted on charges related to the bombing.
    1995 - The British merchant bank Barings collapsed after
losses run up in Singapore by trader Nick Leeson.
    2001 - Bosnian Croat leader Dario Kordic was sentenced to 25
years in jail for crimes against humanity, the first senior
politician to be convicted by the U.N. court in The Hague.
    2001 - Ethiopia said it had completed the withdrawal of its
troops from Eritrea, ending a two-year border war and paving the
way for the full deployment of U.N. peacekeepers.
    2002 - French author Francoise Sagan was found guilty of
fiscal fraud and given a 12-month suspended jail sentence for
not declaring some 830,000 euros ($723,600) to the tax
authorities.

    2002 - Lawrence Tierney, U.S. "tough guy film actor promoted
as "the handsome bad man of the screen", died. Tierney spent his
best screen years playing cold-hearted killers in thrillers
like "Dillinger" and "Born To Kill".
    2004 - Macedonian President Boris Trajkovski was killed when
his plane crashed into Bosnian mountains in thick fog.
    2004 - The United States lifted a 23-year-old travel ban on
Libya after Tripoli's progress on getting rid of illicit
weapons.
 
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Hoewel reeds een groot aantal Amerikanen vergeten is in welk jaar 911 zich afspeelde (gelukkig herinneren ze zich nog wel de datum), heeft een kleine meerderheid toch besloten om deze vijfde 'verjaardag' niet ongemerkt te laten voorbijgaan.
Dichter-romanschrijver Simon Armitage kreeg de opdracht om een passend gedicht te schrijven. De schrijver zal in de huid kruipen van een fictieve handelaar die op het noodlottige moment in een van de torens zat en geconfronteerd werd met dood en chaos.
 
Wie na 5 jaar nog steeds geïnteresseerd is in verschillende complottheorieën raad ik aan om eens te surfen naar de website van Loose Change.
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    1902 - The United States bought the concession to build the Panama canal from a French company for $40 million.
    1914 - A Serbian nationalist assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife in Sarajevo. The incident helped to start World War One.
    1919 - The end of World War One was marked by the signing of the Treaty of Versailles between Germany and the allies.
    1935 - U.S. President Roosevelt ordered a federal gold vault to be built at Fort Knox, Kentucky.


    1939 - The first regular transatlantic commercial airplane service began when Pan American Airways' Dixie Clipper left Port Washington, New York, for Marseilles, France.
    1948 - The Yugoslav Communist Party was expelled from COMINFORM, the Communist Information Bureau, at a meeting in Bucharest. It marked the formal breach in relations between Yugoslavia and the rest of the Communist bloc.
    1950 - North Korean troops captured Seoul in the South.
    1981 - In Iran, 74 people, including Chief Justice Ayatollah Beheshti, were killed by a bomb attack on the headquarters of the Islamic Republican Party.
    1992 - Burhanuddin Rabbani took office as Afghanistan's president after a guerrilla alliance had ousted the pro-Soviet government.
    1996 - President Suleyman Demirel approved Welfare Party leader Necmettin Erbakan as Turkey's first Islamist prime minister in a coalition with the conservative Tansu Ciller.
    2001 - The British comedy actress Joan Sims died.
    2004 - Iyad Allawi and Ghazi al-Yawar were sworn in as prime minister and president of Iraq as the United States formally handed sovereignty to an interim government in Iraq.
    2004 - Anthony Buckeridge, the British author and playwright who created the children's character Jennings, died.
 
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    1914 - At least 1,012 people were killed when the liner
Empress of Ireland collided with a Norwegian freighter on the St
Lawrence River in Canada.
    1919 - The first pop-up electric toaster was patented by
American Charles Strite of Minnesota.
    1953 - New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing
Norgay reached the summit of Mount Everest, the first men to
scale the world's highest mountain. The feat was not reported to
a waiting world until June 1.
    1979 - Mary Pickford, silent movie star, died.
    1979 - Bishop Abel Muzorewa was sworn in as first black
prime minister of Zimbabwe Rhodesia, as the country was briefly
known prior to independence from Britain.
    1985 - Thirty-nine soccer fans, mostly Italian, were crushed
to death in rioting involving Liverpool and Juventus supporters
at the European Cup Final in Brussels' Heysel stadium.
 

    1994 - Erich Honecker, who ruled communist East Germany for
18 years and oversaw the building of the Berlin Wall, died in
exile in Chile. He was 81.
    1997 - Laurent Kabila took office as president of the
Democratic Republic of Congo, promising to hold elections in
April 1999 and bury the legacy of dictator Mobutu Sese Seko.
    1999 - Nigeria swore in elected President General Olusegun
Obasanjo after 15 years of military rule.
    1999 - The U.S. space shuttle Discovery became the first
spacecraft to dock with the International Space Station.
    2001 - A U.S. court convicted four followers of Saudi
dissident Osama Bin Laden over a plot to murder Americans
abroad, including 1998 bombings of two U.S. embassies in Africa.
    2002 - Britain appointed its first black cabinet minister,
Paul Boateng, to the number two position in the Treasury.
    2002 - Mali's outgoing president, Alpha Oumar Konare,
pardoned former dictator Moussa Traore and his wife Mariam, who
were imprisoned after Traore was overthrown in 1991.
    2003 - Nepal celebrated the 50th anniversary of the first
ascent of Everest with plans to make Sir Edmund Hillary, the man
who "knocked the bastard off", an honorary citizen.
    2004 - Archibald Cox, the special Watergate prosecutor
whose firing by the White House ignited a political furor that
eroded support for President Richard Nixon, died. He was 92.
    2004 - Samuel Dash, chief counsel for the House Judiciary
Committee that challenged President Richard Nixon's abuse of
executive power in the 1970s, died. He was 79.
    2005 - France rejected the European Union's constitution in
a referendum, dealing a potentially fatal blow to a charter
designed to make the enlarged bloc run smoothly.
 
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   1930 - Amy Johnson landed her Gypsy Moth plane at
Darwin in northern Australia, the first woman to fly solo from
England.
    1941 - The British cruiser Hood was sunk by the German
battleship Bismarck in World War Two. More than 1,300 died.
    1962 - Malcolm Scott Carpenter completed the second U.S.
manned orbital space flight, when his Aurora 7 craft splashed
down after three trips around the Earth.
    1964 - More than 300 people died during a riot at a soccer
match in Peru after the referee disallowed a goal.
    1968 - In the continuing student and labour unrest in
France, President Charles de Gaulle proposed a referendum and
rioting students set fire to the Paris stock exchange.
    1974 - The U.S. jazz pianist, composer and
bandleader Duke Ellington died.
 

    1976 - The British and French Concordes made their first
commercial flights, from London and Paris respectively, to
Washington Dulles International Airport in just under four
hours.
    1977 - Soviet President Nikolai Podgorny was dropped from
the ruling Politburo.
    1981 - President Jaime Roldos Aguilera of Ecuador died in an
air crash.
    1982 - In the Iran-Iraq war, Iranian troops recaptured
Khorramshahr after it had been occupied by Iraq for 20 months.
    1993 - Eritrea achieved independence from Ethiopia after a
30-year civil war.
    1994 - About 270 Muslims performing the annual haj
pilgrimage to Mecca were killed in a stampede.
    1998 - Hong Kong's pro-democracy parties swept to victory in
the first legislative election under Chinese rule.
    1999 - South Australian police found 11 decomposing
bodies in a disused bank vault and a backyard in the nation's
worst serial killing.
    2000 - Israel ended its 22-year occupation of south Lebanon
in a rushed evacuation after the collapse of its local militia
the previous day.
    2001 - Twenty-three people were killed and more than 300
injured when a wedding hall collapsed in Jerusalem -- the worst
civil disaster in modern Israeli history.
    2002 - Pope John Paul accepted the resignation of
Milwaukee's Roman Catholic archbishop, Rembert Weakland, who was
accused of attempted sexual assault.
    2002 - Russian President Vladimir Putin and U.S. President
Bush signed a landmark treaty to slash their long-range nuclear
warheads by two-thirds.
    2005 - The 100 millionth Volkswagen rolled off a German
assembly line, taking the brand into an elite list of four car
companies, including Ford, Toyota and Chevrolet, whose output
had stretched into nine digits.
 
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    1908 - The Wright Brothers patented their flying machine in
the United States.
    1915 - The worst train disaster in Britain took place when a
troop train collided with a passenger train at Gretna Green,
Scotland, killing 227.
    1939 - The "Pact of Steel" was signed between Hitler and
Mussolini, committing Germany and Italy to support each other in
time of war.
    1943 - The Third Communist International, known as the
Comintern, was dissolved by the Soviet Union in a gesture to the
West.
    1967 - A fire at the Brussels department store
"L'Innovation" killed over 320 people.
 

    1968 - The U.S. nuclear-powered submarine Scorpion sank 400
miles south of the Azores, the first warship to sink with
nuclear weapons aboard.
    1969 - The Apollo 10 lunar module Snoopy came within 9.4
miles of the moon's surface.
    1972 - President Richard Nixon became the first U.S.
president to visit Moscow.
    1972 - Ceylon became a republic within the Commonwealth of
former British colonies under the name of Sri Lanka.
    1979 - The 11-year premiership of Pierre Trudeau in Canada
ended when the Liberal Party was defeated in a general election
by the Progressive Conservative Party.
    1981 - Peter Sutcliffe, known as the Yorkshire Ripper, was
jailed for life in Britain after being convicted on 13 counts of
murder.
    1989 - India test-fired an intermediate-range ballistic
missile, igniting worries over nuclear proliferation and a
spiralling arms race on the subcontinent.
    1990 - Formerly Marxist South Yemen and conservative North
Yemen merged into one state.
    1996 - Japan settled lawsuits to bring to an end the
Minamata mercury poisoning case, named after a village where
hundreds died between 1953 and 1960 from eating seafood tainted
with mercury.
    1998 - Northern Ireland's voters resoundingly approved a
landmark peace agreement designed to end 30 years of
Protestant-Catholic bloodshed. Almost 95 percent of voters in
the Irish Republic simultaneously approved related changes to
their own constitution.
    2001 - France's National Assembly approved a controversial
bill to give more powers to the island of Corsica, where
separatists had protested against Paris for over 20 years.
    2002 - Former Ku Klux Klansman Bobby Frank Cherry was found
guilty of killing four black girls in the bombing of a
Birmingham church in 1963.
    2003 - The U.N. Security Council voted 14-0 to adopt a
U.S.-led resolution ending sanctions on Iraq after 13 years.
    2003 - Yuichiro Miura, a 70-year-old Japanese, became the
oldest person to climb the world's highest mountain, Mount
Everest.
    2003 - A manuscript of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony was
auctioned in London for 2.13 million pounds ($4.03 million) --
but failed to set a new world record.
    2004 - Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi and North
Korean leader Kim Jong-il agreed on a package under which all
relatives of Japanese abductees could leave North Korea and
Japan would in turn provide humanitarian aid.
    2005 - Chinese mountaineers and researchers climbed to the
top of Mount Everest and set up radar and Global Positioning
System instruments to determine whether the world's tallest
mountain was still growing.
 
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            Gigliola Cinquetti (1964)
 
 
            France Gall (1965)
 
 
             Sandie Shaw (1967)
 
...
 
en 2006
 
 
 
LORDI (zonder kniezwengel)
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   1900 - A small British cavalry force finally relieved the garrison under Colonel Robert Baden-Powell at Mafeking after 217 days siege by the Boers in South Africa.
    1935 - French composer Paul Dukas, whose composition "Sorcerer's Apprentice" featured in the Walt Disney film "Fantasia", died.
    1940 - In World War Two, the German army entered Brussels.
    1954 - The U.S. Supreme Court overturned an 1896 ruling that education should be "separate but equal", thus outlawing racial segregation in the state school system.
    1968 - In France, after many days of rioting, students and workers on strike marched in protest over conditions in schools and universities in Paris and many other cities.
    1973 - In the United States, the Senate Committee under Senator Sam Ervin investigating the Watergate affair began its proceedings.
    1974 - 32 people were killed and hundreds injured when three car bombs exploded in the centre of Dublin.
    1987 - An Iraqi F-I Mirage fighter fired two Exocet missiles at the USS Stark while it was on patrol in the Gulf, killing 37 sailors and wounding 62 others.
    1988 - Algeria and Morocco decided to restore diplomatic relations after 12 years of bitter political disputes.
    1994 - Kamuzu Banda, one of Africa's longest-serving leaders who ruled Malawi with an iron fist for 30 years, was toppled from power in the country's first multi-party elections.
    1997 - Laurent Kabila said he had taken power as head of state in Zaire. His forces took control of the capital Kinshasa. Kabila also renamed the country the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
    2000 - Foday Sankoh, the rebel leader at the centre of a U.N. hostage crisis in Sierra Leone, was captured in the capital Freetown.
    2001 - A Russian-built Yak-40 plane carrying 30 people including Iran's transport minister Rahman Dadman and other deputy ministers crashed in northern Iran killing all on board.
    2002 - Germany's parliament passed legislation allowing around 50,000 gay men prosecuted by the Nazis because of their sexuality to be pardoned, even posthumously.
    2003 - The U.S. army posted an additional 9,000 soldiers to Baghdad to combat the crime-wave that has swept the capital since its fall on April 9.
    2004 - Massachusetts became the first U.S. state to allow same-sex marriage.
    2005 - Romania's parliament approved the European Union accession treaty allowing the Balkan state to join the EU in 2007.
    2005 - A ferry with about 200 people on board sank in the Jamuna river in Bangladesh. Only 50 survived.
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    1939 - Maxim Litvinov was removed as Soviet foreign minister
and replaced by Vyacheslav Molotov.
    1951 - In Britain, the King and Queen inaugurated the
Festival of Britain on London's South Bank and opened the
Festival Hall.
    1965 - Cambodia broke off diplomatic relations with the
United States after a weekly magazine carried an article felt to
be derogatory to the royal family.
    1968 - In Paris, students and police clashed violently at
the start of a month of disturbances and strikes.
    1971 - Walter Ulbricht retired as First Secretary of the
East German Communist Party and was succeeded by Erich Honecker.
    1996 - Liu Gang, one of the most prominent pro-democracy
leaders to flee China, was granted permission to stay in the
U.S.
    1998 - A body unearthed on a Berlin building site over 20
years earlier was finally confirmed by DNA tests as belonging to
Martin Bormann, Adolf Hitler's right-hand man.
    1999 - The Dow Jones industrial average closed above 11,000
points for the first time ever.
    2001 - A Yugoslav court delivered the U.N. tribunal's
indictment for war crimes to Slobodan Milosevic, held in custody
in Belgrade, but he refused to accept the document. Yugoslavia
later extradited him to stand trial in The Hague.
    2002 - Foreign ministers and representatives of 36 of the
Council of Europe's 44 member states signed a document pledging
the total abolition of the death penalty, even in times of war.
    2002 - At least 450 people drowned when the M.V.
Salahuddin-2 ferry with about 500 on board sank in the Meghna
river 170km (105.6 miles) south of Dhaka.
    2003 - The U.S. Congress overwhelmingly voted to
approve nearly $80 billion to finance the war in Iraq, reward
key allies, bolster anti-terrorism efforts and help struggling
airlines.
    2004 - Former investment banker Frank Quattrone, famous
for taking hot technology companies public, was found guilty of
obstructing investigations into popular stock offerings of the
1990s.
    2004 - Mamdouh Mahmud Salim, an accused former top aide
to Osama bin Laden was sentenced to 32 years in prison for
stabbing a guard while awaiting trial for conspiring to kill
Americans.
    2005 - Beijing lifted a ban on visits to Taiwan by Chinese
tourists.
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