1939 - Maxim Litvinov was removed as Soviet foreign minister
and replaced by Vyacheslav Molotov.
1951 - In Britain, the King and Queen inaugurated the
Festival of Britain on London's South Bank and opened the
1965 - Cambodia broke off diplomatic relations with the
United States after a weekly magazine carried an article felt to
be derogatory to the royal family.
1968 - In Paris, students and police clashed violently at
the start of a month of disturbances and strikes.
1971 - Walter Ulbricht retired as First Secretary of the
East German Communist Party and was succeeded by Erich Honecker.
1996 - Liu Gang, one of the most prominent pro-democracy
leaders to flee China, was granted permission to stay in the
1998 - A body unearthed on a Berlin building site over 20
years earlier was finally confirmed by DNA tests as belonging to
Martin Bormann, Adolf Hitler's right-hand man.
1999 - The Dow Jones industrial average closed above 11,000
points for the first time ever.
2001 - A Yugoslav court delivered the U.N. tribunal's
indictment for war crimes to Slobodan Milosevic, held in custody
in Belgrade, but he refused to accept the document. Yugoslavia
later extradited him to stand trial in The Hague.
2002 - Foreign ministers and representatives of 36 of the
Council of Europe's 44 member states signed a document pledging
the total abolition of the death penalty, even in times of war.
2002 - At least 450 people drowned when the M.V.
Salahuddin-2 ferry with about 500 on board sank in the Meghna
river 170km (105.6 miles) south of Dhaka.
2003 - The U.S. Congress overwhelmingly voted to
approve nearly $80 billion to finance the war in Iraq, reward
key allies, bolster anti-terrorism efforts and help struggling
2004 - Former investment banker Frank Quattrone, famous
for taking hot technology companies public, was found guilty of
obstructing investigations into popular stock offerings of the
2004 - Mamdouh Mahmud Salim, an accused former top aide
to Osama bin Laden was sentenced to 32 years in prison for
stabbing a guard while awaiting trial for conspiring to kill
2005 - Beijing lifted a ban on visits to Taiwan by Chinese