1902 - The United States bought the concession to build the Panama canal from a French company for $40 million.
1914 - A Serbian nationalist assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife in Sarajevo. The incident helped to start World War One.
1919 - The end of World War One was marked by the signing of the Treaty of Versailles between Germany and the allies.
1935 - U.S. President Roosevelt ordered a federal gold vault to be built at Fort Knox, Kentucky.
1939 - The first regular transatlantic commercial airplane service began when Pan American Airways' Dixie Clipper left Port Washington, New York, for Marseilles, France.
1948 - The Yugoslav Communist Party was expelled from COMINFORM, the Communist Information Bureau, at a meeting in Bucharest. It marked the formal breach in relations between Yugoslavia and the rest of the Communist bloc.
1950 - North Korean troops captured Seoul in the South.
1981 - In Iran, 74 people, including Chief Justice Ayatollah Beheshti, were killed by a bomb attack on the headquarters of the Islamic Republican Party.
1992 - Burhanuddin Rabbani took office as Afghanistan's president after a guerrilla alliance had ousted the pro-Soviet government.
1996 - President Suleyman Demirel approved Welfare Party leader Necmettin Erbakan as Turkey's first Islamist prime minister in a coalition with the conservative Tansu Ciller.
2001 - The British comedy actress Joan Sims died.
2004 - Iyad Allawi and Ghazi al-Yawar were sworn in as prime minister and president of Iraq as the United States formally handed sovereignty to an interim government in Iraq.
2004 - Anthony Buckeridge, the British author and playwright who created the children's character Jennings, died.